Inquiry-based Teaching: Part 1

How it is Relevant to the National Curriculum Framework

The National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2005 puts great emphasis on the “Primacy of the Active Learner” and the fact that knowledge in children must develop through curiosity, exploration and inventiveness.

The following excerpt from the framework document urges educators to move away from the “textbook method” of teaching and adopt more children-centric teaching practices and methodologies.

“Our current concern in curriculum development and reform is to make it an inclusive and meaningful experience for children, alongwith the effort to move away from a textbook culture. This requires a fundamental change in how we think of learners and the process of learning. Hence the need to engage in detail with the underpinnings and implications of ‘child- centred’ education.

‘Child-centred’ pedagogy means giving primacy to children’s experiences, their voices, and their active participation. This kind of pedagogy requires us to plan learning in keeping with children’s psychological development and interests”

As educators, our aim should be to move the focus away from the teacher and onto the children. And one way of achieving this is by implementing inquiry-based teaching methodology in class. Inquiry-based teaching puts the teacher in the role of a guide or facilitator. The teacher encourages or prompts students to ask “why” rather than telling them “how”.

The methodology is easy to implement in class, all it needs, is a conscious attempt to shift the focus from “us – educators” to the “students”. And once you learn to make that shift, you will be on the road to making learning an active and engaging experience for students.

Visit the following links to read about the inquiry-based methodology:

Inquiry-based Teaching by the Centre for Inspired Teaching Inquirry­ ­­Baseed Teaching and Learning

We have also selected two YouTube links that demonstrate how teachers implement this methodology in classrooms:

Fractions – Sharing Parts – Inquiry for Grade 4 Math

Best Practices; 2nd Grade Inquiry Based Science

We hope you find these resources useful. Do share your thoughts and feedback with us.

In the next post, we will share a lesson plan and show how it can be changed from “teacher-centric” to “student-centric.

Kanchan Shine

Kanchan Shine

Passionate about everything related to education. I believe that the best kind of learning happens through play, experiments and fun! I love watching how children learn and love to implement play-based, hands-on teaching approaches. I get my thrill by planning activities for my children (6 yo girl & 3 yo boy) and watching them learn while having fun!

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