Mixed Resources | Biomes of the World

Where in the world, would you live, if you were a toucan? Well, your location would depend on the climatic conditions of a place. Because as a toucan, you are a resident breeder (you don’t migrate) and you need lush vegetation all around you, which means that the climate of the place should be warm, wet, and full of trees.

Reference: NCERT: Class 6: Chapter 8 [PDF], Chapter 9 [PDF] & Chapter 10 [PDF].

Note from eTEN Team: In the past we’ve been sharing lesson plan guides, however, through user feedback responses we realized that at times a teacher may not be able to execute the lesson plan as is, because it may not suit the class and student profile. Hence, this resource has been designed differently.

When we are asked where we live, we often define our location in terms of a suburb, city, country, and continent. But, is there another way to define where we live? For example, can we define our location in terms of the climate, vegetation, animal, and plant life we see around us?

Yes, we can. And by doing so, we would be defining the biome we live in.

Scientists have divided the Earth into climate regions called biomes. Biomes differ in their latitude and hence have different weather, humidity, and topography. And the species that live in a biome are the ones that can thrive in its climatic conditions.

The Earth is divided into six major biomes:

  • Deserts
  • Grasslands
  • Temperate deciduous forests
  • Rainforests
  • Taiga
  • Tundras

We’ve put together a list of different resources that you can use to teach biomes in class. You may pick and choose and mix-n-match resources to create a lesson plan that is customized to your class needs.

  • Biomes Summary: This resource provides a summary about each biome and can be used as a quick reference for teaching or can be given as a handout to students.
  • Biomes Video: If your school is ICT-enabled, you can play this video to introduce the concept to your class.
  • Biomes Slideshow: If your school is ICT-enabled, you could display the following interactive slideshow and have students discuss and compare the temperature and precipitation chart of different biomes.
    • If your school does not support ICT, then create each graph on a chart paper, display it on the board and have students discuss.
  • Graphic Organizer: Draw the the graphic organizer on the board, and ask children to copy the same in their books and fill it as you explain each biome .
  • Biomes: What and Who Lives Where?: Conduct a classroom activity and have students match species to a biome.
  • Biome Word Search: Hand out the word search sheets to students to familiarize them with vocabulary terms related to biomes.
  • Summative Assessment Games: If your school is ICT-enabled, then you can test student’s knowledge by having them play the biome mission games on the NASA site.
    • To Plant or Not: If your school does not support ICT, read out the descriptions of the different plant species and ask children to name which biome it belongs to.
    • The Great Graph Match: If your school does not support ICT, draw the graphs on chart papers, display them on the board and have students identify which biome they belong to.


Kanchan Shine

Kanchan Shine

Passionate about everything related to education. I believe that the best kind of learning happens through play, experiments and fun! I love watching how children learn and love to implement play-based, hands-on teaching approaches. I get my thrill by planning activities for my children (6 yo girl & 3 yo boy) and watching them learn while having fun!

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