CCE #4: Video | Giving Constructive Feedback
This fourth article in the CCE series looks at the process of providing feedback to students. Feedback is an integral part of assessment and evaluation as it lets the student know where they stand. Have they met the desired outcome? If not, then what steps should they take to bridge the gap between where they are and where they ought to be.
Giving feedback does not mean giving a rating or giving grades. Instead, it means taking the time to analyse the student’s work and identifying the areas they are good in and those that need improvement, and then providing directions on how they can improve. Having said this, it is quite clear that feedback should be tailored for every student and should not be a generic feedback given to an entire class.
Feedback needs to be a continuous process and not something that is given only after a formal assessment. A teacher can give feedback during the course of the class by restating what the students did right during an activity or by appreciating the method they adopt to solve a particular problem. It is important to note that the feedback should be specific, that is, instead of saying “That’s a good answer Roy”, the teacher can say “Roy’s answer is good, because he explains the reason for the occurrence of the event.” This type of specific feedback not only praises students but it also lets students understand the reason for the praise.
In the following two videos, Steve Garnett, a teacher and author explains eight ways to praise students in class.
Video: 8 Ways to Praise Students – Part 1
Video: 8 Ways to Praise Students – Part 2
Many teachers think that giving positive feedback may make students overconfident, and therefore are very selective in praising students in a class or even giving high grades. In the following video, a high school teacher explains why teachers should change this mindset and should be more open to praising and appreciating students.
Video: Teaching High School – Positive Reinforcement
We had to end this article with a heart warming video that shows how Samruti, a Teach For India, Grade 3 student devised her own mechanism for providing positive feedback to her peers.
Video: Positive Reinforcement by a Grade 3 Student
In the next article, we will look at techniques, tips, and best practices for assessing student work.